Press the Windows key (⊞ Win) and start typing “bitcoin”. When the Bitcoin Core icon appears (as shown below), click on it. You will be prompted to choose a directory to store the Bitcoin block chain and your wallet. Unless you have a separate partition or drive you want to use, click Ok to use the default. Bitcoin Core initial synchronization will take time and download a lot of data. You should make sure that you have enough bandwidth and storage for the full block chain size (over GB). If you have a good Internet connection, you can help strengthen the network by keeping your PC running with Bitcoin Core and port open. Installing Bitcoin Core The first step is to download the installation package from the BitCoin Core download page. I have a PC running Windows 8, so I will use that package to further illustrate the article. However, there are also packages available for Mac OS X and Linux.
How to install bitcoin core windowsRunning A Full Node - Bitcoin
Finally, you need to have an Internet connection with sufficient bandwidth, because the first synchronization with the Bitcoin network will consume gigabytes plus additional gigabytes on a monthly basis. So if your computer is fairly recent it should run Bitcoin Core without a problem.
The first step is to download the installation package from the BitCoin Core download page. I have a PC running Windows 8, so I will use that package to further illustrate the article. In the next screen, the installation program will ask for the destination folder of the software.
Please note that this is the folder where the program files will be stored. If you have more than GB available on that drive say GB , you can accept the defaults. After installation, at the first start of the software, you will be able to chose if you want to store the Bitcoin transaction history in the same location, or chose another location. The installation software will finally ask for where to place its icons in the start menu.
I just keep the defaults. The installation will proceed until all files are installed. At the bottom of the client window, you will see that it is now synchronizing with the Bitcoin network and downloading the whole transaction history about 8 years worth of transaction history as of December This can take from a few hours to a few days, depending on the speed of your Internet connection.
Also note that you can shutdown the client while it is synchronizing and restart it later on. The synchronization will resume where it left off and only download the missing transactions. So you can download the transaction history over a few evenings for example.
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Skip to content This tutorial for beginners explains what Bitcoin Core is, why you should use it and how to install it. Bitcoin Core In the Bitcoin world, applications that allow you to send, receive and securely store bitcoins are called wallets. The Bitcoin Core daemon bitcoind is not included in the. Bitcoind, along with its support binaries, is instead included in the OS X. To download this file using Terminal, execute the following command:.
Extract bitcoind and its support binaries from the archive we just downloaded by running this command in Terminal:.
To move the executables, run these commands note that we have to use sudo to perform these commands since we are modifying directories owned by root :. You should now be able to start up your full node by running bitcoind -daemon in any Terminal window.
If you need to stop bitcoind for any reason, the command is bitcoin-cli stop. The easiest way to do this is to tell Bitcoin Core Daemon to start at login. Here is how to install a Launch Agent for Bitcoin Core daemon on your machine:. If you are running an older version, shut it down. The blockchain and wallet files in the data directory are compatible between versions so there is no requirement to make any changes to the data directory when upgrading.
Occasionally the format of those files changes, but the new Bitcoin Core version will include code that automatically upgrades the files to the new format so no manual intervention is required. Sometimes upgrade of the blockchain data files from very old versions to the new versions is not supported. In those cases it may be necessary to redownload the blockchain.
Check the release notes of the new version if you are planning to upgrade from a very old version. Sometimes downgrade is not possible because of changes to the data files. Again, check the release notes for the new version if you are planning to downgrade.
When Bitcoin Core starts, it establishes 8 outbound connections to other full nodes so it can download the latest blocks and transactions. You can use the testing instructions below to confirm your server-based node accepts inbound connections. Home connections are usually filtered by a router or modem. You may also need to configure your firewall to allow inbound connections to port Please see the following subsections for details.
The BitNodes project provides an online tool to let you test whether your node accepts inbound connections. Before using BitNodes, you must first ensure that your node is fully synced with the block chain. The tool will attempt to guess your IP address—if the address is wrong or blank , you will need to enter your address manually.
After you press Check Node, the tool will inform you whether your port is open green box or not open red box. If you get the red box, please read the enabling connections subsection. For confirmation that you accept inbound connections, you can use Bitcoin Core. If your node has been online for at least 30 minutes, it should normally have inbound connections.
If want to check your peer info using Bitcoin Core, choose the appropriate instructions below:. If you hover over the signal strength icon, it will tell you how many connections you have. For confirmation, you can go to the Help menu, choose Debug Window, and open the Information tab.
In the Network section, it will tell you exactly how many inbound connections you have. If the number is greater than zero, then inbound connections are allowed. The getconnectioncount command will tell you how many connections you have. If you have more than 8 connections, inbound connections are allowed. For example:. For confirmation, you can use the getpeerinfo command to get information about all of your peers. If you have any inbound connections, then inbound connections are allowed.
Forwarding inbound connections from the Internet through your router to your computer where Bitcoin Core can process them. Configuring your firewall to allow inbound connections. However, routers usually give computers dynamic IP addresses that change frequently, so we need to ensure your router always gives your computer the same internal IP address.
Most routers can be configured using one of the following URLs, so keep clicking links until you find one that works. Upon connecting, you will probably be prompted for a username and password.
If you configured a password, enter it now. If not, the Router Passwords site provides a database of known default username and password pairs. These options may also be called Address Reservation. In the reservation configuration, some routers will display a list of computers and devices currently connected to your network, and then let you select a device to make its current IP address permanent:.
Other routers require a more manual configuration. This operation differs by operating system:. Type cmd to open the console. Replace all the dashes with colons, so the address looks like this: AB.
Use that address in the instructions below. Linux: open a terminal and type ifconfig. Find the result that best matches your connection—a result starting with wlan indicates a wireless connection. Find the field that starts with HWaddr and copy the immediately following field that looks like ab. Use that value in the instructions below. Mac OS X: open a terminal and type ifconfig.
Find the result that best matches your connection—a result starting with en1 usually indicates a wireless connection. Find the field that starts with ether: and copy the immediately following field that looks like ab. Also choose an IP address and make a note of it for the instructions in the next subsection.
After entering this information, click the Add or Save button. Then reboot your computer to ensure it gets assigned the address you selected and proceed to the Port Forwarding instructions below. For this step, you need to know the local IP address of the computer running Bitcoin Core. You should have this information from configuring the DHCP assignment table in the subsection above.
Login to your router using the same steps described near the top of the DHCP subsection. Both the external port and the internal port should be for Bitcoin. Make sure the IP address you enter is the same one you configured in the previous subsection.
After filling in the details for the mapping, save the entry. You should not need to restart anything. See the Firewall section below. Firewalls block inbound connections. This is usually as easy as starting your firewall configuration software and defining a new rule to allow inbound connections to port For additional information for Windows, see the links below:.
Mac OS X comes with its firewall disabled by default, but if you have enabled it, see the section Allowing Specific Applications from the official Apple guide. Ubuntu also comes with its firewall disabled by default, but if you have enabled it, see the Ubuntu wiki page for information about adding port forwarding rules.
This section contains advice about how to change your Bitcoin Core configuration to adapt it to your needs. There are two ways to change your configuration. The first is to start Bitcoin Core with the options you want. For example, if you want to limit it to using one CPU core for signature verification, you can start Bitcoin Core like this:. You can find that file in the following directories:. To add an option to the configuration file, just remove its leading dash.
You may also need to remove any quotation marks you used in your shell. For example, the -par option seen above would look like this in the configuration file:. A user-friendly configuration file generator is available here.
If you have any questions about configuring Bitcoin Core, please stop by one of our forums or live chatrooms.
It is possible to configure your node to to run in pruned mode in order to reduce storage requirements. This can reduce the disk usage from over GB to around 5GB. Running a node in pruned mode is incompatible with -txindex and -rescan. It also disables the RPC importwallet. Two RPCs that are available and potentially helpful, however, are importprunedfunds and removeprunedfunds. A value of 0 disables pruning. The minimal value above 0 is Your wallet is as secure with high values as it is with low ones.
Higher values merely ensure that your node will not shut down upon blockchain reorganizations of more than 2 days - which are unlikely to happen in practice. In future releases, a higher value may also help the network as a whole because stored blocks could be served to other nodes.
By default, Bitcoin Core allows up to connections to different peers, 8 of which are outbound. You can therefore have at most inbound connections. A major component of the traffic is caused by serving historic blocks to other nodes during the initial blocks download phase syncing up a new node.
This option can be specified in MiB per day and is turned off by default. This is not a hard limit; only a threshold to minimize the outbound traffic.
When the limit is about to be reached, the uploaded data is cut by no longer serving historic blocks blocks older than one week. Keep in mind that new nodes require other nodes that are willing to serve historic blocks.
The recommended minimum is blocks per day max. Disabling listening will result in fewer nodes connected remember the maximum of 8 outbound peers. Fewer nodes will result in less traffic usage as you are relaying blocks and transactions to fewer nodes. Reducing the maximum connected nodes to a minimum could be desirable if traffic limits are tiny. Causes your node to stop requesting and relaying transactions unless they are part of a block and also disables listening as described above.
Make a donation. What Is A Full Node? Costs And Warnings Running a Bitcoin full node comes with certain costs and can expose you to certain risks. Special Cases Miners, businesses, and privacy-conscious users rely on particular behavior from the full nodes they use, so they will often run their own full nodes and take special safety precautions. Minimum Requirements Bitcoin Core full nodes have certain requirements.
Possible Problems Legal: Bitcoin use is prohibited or restricted in some areas. Initial Block Download IBD Initial block download refers to the process where nodes synchronize themselves to the network by downloading blocks that are new to them. Linux Instructions The following instructions describe installing Bitcoin Core using tools available in most mainstream Linux distributions.